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Brief History

 

As established in Article 1 of SIM’s Bylaws, the idea of an Inter-american metrology project has been advanced by many countries and organizations from the early nineteen seventies. In 1971, the need of cooperation in metrology in The Americas was stressed during the Conference on Applications of Science and Technology in Latin America, held in Brasilia, Brazil. The fourth meeting of the Inter-american Council for Education, Science and Culture (Consejo Inter-americano para la Educación, la Ciencia y la Cultura, CIECC), in Mar del Plata, Argentina, in 1972, passed resolution 174, establishing a regional system for metrology and calibration (Sistema Inter-americano de Metrología y Calidad, SIMYC).


In 1974, the Organization of American States (OAS) and the National Bureau of Standards (NBS, now National Institute of Standards and Technology, NIST, USA) organized an international meeting on industrialization and standardization in Gaithersburg, Maryland, where regional metrology needs were discussed.


The OAS (former Departamento de Asuntos Científicos y Tecnológicos, DACYT) convened a meeting in Buenos Aires, Argentina, at the Instituto Nacional de TecnologÌa Industrial (INTI), in 1975, to design a special project in the area of metrology, focusing on scientific, industrial and legal metrology.


In 1979, as part of the special project on metrology, the Inter-american Metrology System (SIM) was created, consisting of thirteen Latin American countries. Many other institutions outside the Americas have also contributed to the creation of SIM, such as Istituto di Metrologia “Gustavo Colonnetti” (IMGC, Italy), Instituto Elettrotecnico Nazionale Galileo Ferraris (IEN, Italy) and Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB, Germany). The long-standing support of PTB to many metrology institutions in Latin America, through its technical cooperation program, was influential in the formation and development of SIM.


In 1992 PTB organized, together with the Centro Español de Metrología (CEM, Spain), and the Instituto Português da Qualidade (IPQ, Portugal) a meeting for constructing a metrology system, conceived at that time as Sistema Iberoamericano de Metrologia. Also in 1992, the OAS and NIST were invited to help in reconstructing SIM as Sistema Inter-americano de Metrologia. Thus, in 1993 and 1994, these two organizations, with support from the US Department of State and the National Metrology Center of Mexico (CENAM), organized three regional metrology workshops in Caracas, Venezuela, Buenos Aires, Argentina and San José, Costa Rica, with participation of representatives from the government, scientific and industrial sectors in each country.


The OAS and NIST have organized specialized courses and granted fellowships for a Flow Metrology course in Quito, Ecuador and the Caribbean Measurement Assurance Program, in San Juan, Puerto Rico. During the Summit of the Americas, held in December of 1994, in Miami, Florida, the Presidents of the Americas issued a Declaration of Principles, emphasizing economic integration and free trade, through reduction of technical barriers and promotion of technical cooperation programs on metrology and standards. Following this Summit, the OAS convened a coordinating meeting in Rio de Janeiro, in January of 1995, attended by 25 countries, which proposed a project to reorganize and revitalize SIM.


From 1995 to 1998 the SIM presidency was held by CENAM, Mexico and SIM gained a stronger financial support from the OAS. In 1997, with the participation of experts from 22 SIM members, an Inter-american Metrology Workshop was organized in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to implement an Inter-american Chemical Metrology Program, which is underway.


Since 1995, many actions have been implemented to organize interlaboratory comparisons of national standards and a great effort was dedicated to the development of human resources in metrology. Under the auspice of the Programa RH-Metrologia of Brazil, adopted as a model for SIM with the support from OAS, three advanced schools in metrology were organized as a strategy to promote a close interaction between eminent personalities from the world of metrology and top researchers and metrologists from the technical and scientific American community.


In September 1998, during the General Assembly held in Costa Rica, Brazil was elected for two-year period presidency.

In September 2000, during the General Assembly held in Jamaica, Ecuador was elected for the next two years period presidency.


In October 2002, during the General Assembly held in Chile, Ecuador was reelected for the next two years period presidency.


RELEVANT DOCUMENTS:


- OIML / SIM Joint Meeting - Rio de Janeiro, October, 28, 1997 (PDF)


- Memorandum of Cooperation between OIML and SIM - Rio de Janeiro, October, 31, 1997 (PDF)



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